Ativan General Information
Ativan (Lorazepam) is prescribed for treatment of anxiety, prophylaxis of insomnia, and also treatment of spasms including epilepsy. In some cases this drug may be prescribed as myorelaxing and analgesic remedy during different therapeutic procedures.
Ativan (Lorazepam) belongs to the class of psychoactive medical products, so that each patient needs an individual course of treatment prescribed by the doctor, based on the prior consultation.
Treating insomnia the drug should be used about 30 minutes before sleep. This will help to get the maximum effect and quickly fall asleep.
The daily dose should be divided into several uses (every 8 hours). Do not take the daily dose in one reception. It will help you to maintain the optimal level of the active components in the body and reduce the risk of side effects.
Ativan is produced in tablets of 1 mg and 2 mg.
The use of the tablets should be started from the low dose gradually increasing it up to the optimal dosage.
The initial daily dose is 2 mg for adults.
Then the daily dose may be increased several times. Up to 6-8 mg divided into several uses.
The maximum daily dose for adult patient is 10 mg.
Children under 12 years are adviced to use 4-8 mg a day.
Your attending doctor should indicate the optimal dosage regimen based on the therapy results and sensitivity of the patient to the active components of the drug.
During treatment ethanol consumption is strictly prohibited. Patients with arterial hypotension, cerebral sclerosis, heart failure or low body weight should adjust the dosage regimen. It is not recommended to use Ativan (Lorazepam) in case of the respiratory diseases, pathological dysfunction of liver or kidneys, maniac or suicidal syndrome. The active components of the drug may harm the fetus and penetrate the breast milk, and therefore it is necessary to stop taking Ativan (Lorazepam) during pregnancy and in the period of lactation.
Active ingredient: Lorazepam.
Ativan (Lorazepam) abuse can have serious consequences, and can lead to the development of physical dependence and addiction. Understanding what Ativan is, how it works, its risks, and why detoxing on your own could be dangerous is an important part of staying safe and finding help.
Tiredness and sleepiness, dizziness, increased tiredness, muscle weakness, nausea, low appetite, dulling of emotions, slow down of the mental and motive reactions and lowering of the arterial pressure may appear.
All these potential side effects are possible during the increase of the daily dose or in case of the individual intolerance of the active components of the drug.
Following precautions and dosage regimen which are indicated by the doctor it is possible to reduce the risk of the possible side effects.
The prolonged use of Ativan (Lorazepam) in the maximum doses may cause the psychological and physical addiction, and therefore it is necessary to make breaks in the treatment.
Lorazepam (marketed under the brand name Ativan) is a benzodiazepine medication, or benzo. It is available legally with a prescription from a doctor, but many people abuse the medication for the relaxing sedative effects it brings about.
Ativan belongs to a class of drugs that decrease excitatory neurological activity in the brain that, when excessive, is associated with problems like anxiety, seizures, and muscle spasms. Lorazepam's ability to slow certain brain processes results in feelings of calm, relaxation, and drowsiness. However, these desired effects may also be accompanied by a number of potentially dangerous side effects, such as slowed breathing. Benzodiazepine-associated respiratory depression can be serious and, in some instances, deadly, especially when the drug is misused and/or taken in combination with other substances that affect the brain in a similar manner.
What Are the Short-Term Effects?
Ativan can have very powerful effects, depending on the dose and the user's tolerance for the drug. Some of the intoxicating effects will be obvious to an outside observer, while others may only be noticed by the user. These effects include:
- Muscle weakness
- Extreme sleepiness
- Significant relaxation
- Sense of overall calmness
Unfortunately, the lorazepam high also comes with some adverse and, in some cases, dangerous short-term side effects that include:
- Slowed breathing
- Impaired reflexes
- Vision problems
- Dry mouth
- Extreme dizziness
- Poor coordination
- Speech problems
- Memory problems
- Rapid mood swings
- Reduced ability to think clearly
- Unpredictable, or hostile, behavior
The combination of lorazepam and alcohol or opioids can enhance the very serious effects of Ativan, including reduced heart rate and slowed or stopped breathing, increasing the risk of a lethal overdose situation.
Signs of a Lorazepam Overdose
Lorazepam overdose can be serious, even fatal. If you or someone you know is taking Ativan and experiences the following signs and symptoms of an overdose, get help immediately:
- Severe confusion
- Very slowed reflexes
- Extreme impairment in coordination
- Irregular heartbeat
- Significantly slowed, or stopped, breathing
Are There Long-Term Effects?
Abusing Ativan is not only dangerous during the period where you feel high. You could suffer long-term consequences that may affect you for years if you don't get help. Some of the most concerning of these effects are those that impact your brain functioning. Some studies have indicated that long-term benzodiazepine use can cause problems with:
- Attention and concentration
- Verbal memory and learning
- Hand-eye coordination
- Body movement control
- Sensory processing
Fortunately, there is evidence that sustained abstinence from lorazepam use may result in improvement of some of these cognitive impairments. Professional treatment can help you learn how to maintain abstinence, even in the face of intense cravings.